Longgang at a glance
Located in northeastern Shenzhen with Pingshan District on its east, Luohu and Yantian districts on its south, Longhua District on its west, and Huizhou and Dongguan cities on its north, Longgang District, covering a total area of 388.21 square kilometers, has jurisdiction over 11 subdistricts and 111 communities. Situated in the center of the Shenzhen-Dongguan-Huizhou city circle, it is 30 kilometers from Hong Kong and 150 kilometers from Guangzhou. After four decades of development, Longgang has transformed from one of Shenzhen’s less developed areas into one of the city’s key areas with robust economic growth, plenty of employment opportunities and a livable environment.
Positioned as an innovation-driven district in eastern Shenzhen where industries grow sustainably and people live comfortably, Longgang spares no effort in implementing its "one core, two centers and multiple pillars" development strategy. Based on China's 14th Five-Year Plan and Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035, Longgang has set the following goals:
By 2025, Longgang, with its economic volume expected to surpass 680 billion yuan, will become a global hub for new and high technologies. As the achievements it attained in the process of fully establishing a moderately prosperous society become further consolidated, Longgang's overall strength will continue to improve. The competitiveness of its manufacturing industries will increase stably, the role real economy plays in its development will be greater, and Longgang as a regional center will have greater influence over its surrounding areas.
By 2035, Longgang, with its economic volume expected to double that of 2020, will become an innovation-driven district with global influence, and set an example as a model district in a modern socialist country.
Huawei in Longgang
Longgang forges ahead with the development of the key areas in the district. The Shenzhen Science and Technology Expo Center project has been approved, phased achievements have been reached in the planning of projects including the Universiade Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Science and Education Town and the Banxuegang Science and Technology Town, construction on the Longgang International Art Center and the conference center of the Shenzhen International Low Carbon City has begun, and the Shenzhen Research Center for Academicians and the Shenzhen IBR Future Building were put into use and put into trial use, respectively.
Longgang's transport network is becoming more close-knit. Construction of the east extension line of Metro Line 3, the south extension line of Metro Line 16, several intercity rails and renovation of the Jihe Expressway have begun; the Universiade Comprehensive Transport Hub has successfully topped out; the second phase of Outer Ring Expressway, 15 road improvement projects, and a total of 103 kilometers of lanes for non-motor vehicles have been put into use; and Metro lines 14 and 16, both with stations in Longgang, will be operational by the end of 2022. In addition, 27 bus routes have been added or optimized, and the city's first demonstration bus route featuring a hydrogen-powered fleet was also launched in Longgang.
Longgang's public facilities keep improving. The upgrade of water supply facilities has brought cleaner water to more than 130,000 households, the addition of 17.7 kilometers of gas pipelines has allowed 224,000 households in 211 urban villages to replace the use of bottled gas with a continuous natural gas supply, and the operation of a new substation has guaranteed a more stable electricity supply. With an additional 18.5 square kilometers of land converted into a sponge city, Longgang's capacity to withstand adverse weather conditions has been further improved. Efforts have also been made in land integration and unapproved construction project elimination, with the former yielding 202.63 hectares of land supply. The ongoing Baolong Advanced Manufacturing Park construction project aims to explore more possibilities in supplying quality industrial space that meets the needs of modern industries.
Longgang’s economy maintained stable growth in 2021 despite unfavorable conditions in the world arena. Its GDP reached 449.645 billion yuan, ranking third among all districts in Shenzhen; the added value brought by industrial enterprises above designated scale hit 219.83 billion yuan, the highest among all Shenzhen districts; the total sales of consumer goods increased 7.1% to reach 136.08 billion yuan; and its general public budget income grew 8.1% to 29.22 billion yuan.
Longgang's foundation in information technology (IT), biotechnology and low-carbon industries has become more solid. The Banxuegang Science and Technology Town in Bantian, which is positioned as a world-class cluster for the digital information industry, has been attracting more enterprises. Agreements were inked for 23 major industry chain projects involving industry-leading enterprises to be launched in Longgang, and land sales for several key projects were completed. In biotech, construction of the Baolong Bio-medicine Innovation and Development Pilot Zone was in full swing with a team of industry park development and operation professionals formed. In terms of low-carbon industry, nine enterprises have signed agreements to set up their offices in the Pingdi New Energy Industry Park, which is still under construction.
Emerging industries will be a highlight for Longgang's economic development. Three advanced manufacturing parks, one each in eastern, central and western Longgang, will be built following high standards to accommodate projects of 11 emerging industries and two future industry clusters.
Taking advantage of the 2021 Shenzhen Global Investment Promotion Conference, Longgang inked 31 deals with a total investment of 76.5 billion yuan with investors over the past year. Its investment in the industrial sector grew 26.8% to reach 20.98 billion yuan. The number of industrial enterprises above designated scale and listed enterprises in the district grew from 1,953 to 2,290 and from 22 to 29, respectively, and the number of national and provincial accredited "little giant" enterprises that use special and sophisticated technologies to produce novel and unique products increased by 21 and 85, respectively. The number of national high-tech enterprises in Longgang grew by 308 to reach 2,810, and an additional 22 innovation platforms, among which 13 are rated at municipal or higher levels, were launched. With its energy consumption per 10,000 yuan in GDP decreasing 3.65%, Longgang's economic growth is becoming more sustainable.
In 2021, five more full-time academicians, two more innovative entrepreneurial teams, and 322 high-level talents were introduced to Longgang. The district's investment in research accounted for 11.2% of its GDP, and the number of PCT international patents filed by entities in Longgang reached 7,504, both topping all districts in Shenzhen.
Longgang's "one center, two cores and multiple pillars" development strategy has designated 13 areas in the district as key areas for development. With the Universiade Shenzhen-Hong Kong International Science and Education Town as its center, the low-carbon smart manufacturing industry (featuring Shenzhen International Low Carbon City, Baolong Science and Technology City and the Eastern Railway New Town) and the digital information industry (featuring the Banxuegang Science and Technology Town) as the two cores, and several other featured areas as the pillars, Longgang strives to achieve economic growth based on a more balanced regional development.
Shenzhen Universiade Center Gymnasium
Culture and sports
Longgang strives to provide more diverse culture and sports options to residents. It was the first district in Guangdong Province to be recognized as a demonstration zone for precise public culture services, and for the 11th year running, it topped all districts in Shenzhen in terms of the number of subvenues of the China (Shenzhen) International Cultural Industries Fair. The Hehu Think Tank, a platform for advice on the development of the district's cultural industry, was launched. More than 100 non-profit performances took place, and more than 26,000 hours of free culture and sports training were offered to residents.
Today's Longgang is home to the training bases of China's national track and field and ice hockey teams. Cultural and sports centers are being built in several subdistricts in the district. In 2021, Longgang athletes brought home an Olympic gold medal and six National Games gold medals, a manifestation of Longgang's progress in sports.
Education and healthcare
Longgang is making substantial advances in its efforts to increase the number of school seats and improve the quality of education. Over the past year, 18,700 compulsory education school seats were added in public schools in the district, and 7,560 school seats for preschoolers were also added. Construction of the Longgang Senior High School Park entered a new stage as all buildings in the park topped out; agreements were signed for several prestigious educational institutions to set up primary and secondary education branches in Longgang; and one basic education group and nine preschool education groups were formed with an aim to improve the overall quality of education provided in Longgang schools.
The efforts are yielding results. More school principals and teachers brought home honors and awards for their achievements in school management and teaching, and 69.1% of senior high school graduates in Longgang were enrolled by universities in 2021, the highest in the district's history. The medical school of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, SZ (CUHK-SZ) and the Shenzhen Conservatory of Music enrolled their first batch of students in September 2021. CUHK-SZ and Shenzhen MSU-BIT University were included in the list of Guangdong universities aimed to be built into top-level universities, and Shenzhen Longgang Vocational School and Longgang No. 2 Vocational Technical School were included in the list of Guangdong vocational schools being built into top-level vocational schools. Eleven private schools were recognized as outstanding private schools with distinct characteristics, accounting for around 30% of all schools recognized citywide. Construction of the headquarters of Maple Leaf Educational Systems, a leading international education provider, is in full swing.
Progress has also been seen in Longgang's healthcare services. In 2021, a total of 2,173 hospital beds and 20 community health centers were added in the district, 20 more community health centers were built, and the National Cancer Center's South China center was launched in Longgang. The Longgang District Women and Children's Hospital and Longgang District People's Hospital passed evaluations for Grade-A tertiary hospitals, the highest grade for hospitals in China, bringing the number of Grade-A tertiary hospitals in the district to six. Two departments of the Longgang District Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital were included on the national top 100 medical department list released by the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) services offered by medical institutions in Longgang won recognition in national evaluations of TCM projects. Longgang also welcomed two high-level medical teams to set up their bases in the district.
Longgang aims to provide residents with better and more streamlined government services. As of March 2022, a total of 862 government services offered by the district government can be handled via the online portal of the People's Government of Guangdong Province.